Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces at the behest of the Spanish nationalist government during the Spanish Civil War.
Picasso, Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp are regarded as the three artists who most defined the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics.Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a naturalistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period(1904–1906), the African-influenced Period (1907–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), also referred to as the Crystal period.
Medium: Original Etching, Paris, 6th April 1933, dated top right in Roman Numerals, on small Montval fillegree paper, with Picasso signature and Montgolfier watermarks, nicely signed by the artist in pencil
Edition: 260 unnumbered proofs (there was also an edition of 50 with wider margins)
Reference: Bloch, Georges. 1968-1979. Pablo Picasso, catalogue de l’oeuvre gravé et lithographié, 4 vol. Berne: Kornfeld and Klipstein. (Bloch 177) Geiser, Bernhard and Brigitte Baer. 1986-1996. Picasso: Peintre-Graveur, Catalogue raisonné de l’oeuvre gravé et des monotypes, 7 vols. Berne: Kornfeld. (Baer 330.d)
Note: The publication of the hundred etchings created by Picasso between 1930 and 1937 was one of Ambroise Vollard’s most impressive undertakings. Vollard was one of the greatest art dealers and publishers of his time and his championship of some of the most celebrated artists of the day deserves the thanks of later generations. His artists, to name but a few, included Cezanne, Renoir, Gauguin, Van Gogh, Rousseau, Rouault and Picasso. Picasso met Vollard in Paris in 1901 and worked with him over an extended period. When the Vollard Suite etchings were first made they were in fact rarely signed (with the exception of some rare proofs made on vellum in editions of 3). Vollard died tragically in a car accident in 1939 and eventually, after the Second World War, most of the Vollard Suite passed into the hands of the famous Dealer Petiet. Petiet knew that Picasso , would never sign anything until he was paid for it and the artist required a substantial fee for putting his signature on the Vollard Suite etchings. Accordingly Petiet gave his buyers the option of buying them either unsigned or, for 10% more on the cost, signed. This meant that Picasso signatures from 1939 until the artists death appear on Vollard Suite etchings. Obviously there is a difference in the artists signature as he aged. The plate for this was cancelled in 1956 and still exists in the Musee Picasso, Paris
Published by: Ambroise Vollard, Paris
Printed by: Lacouriere in 1939
Provenance: From the Estate of Syril Frank (1929 – 2021) , New York
Exhibited: Nassau County Museum of Art exhibited in “LI Collections” 5/29-9/12/1993. Label verso from
Size: 450 x 340 mms (paper size) ; 367 x 298 mms (plate size)
Condition: In very good condition.
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