Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces at the behest of the Spanish nationalist government during the Spanish Civil War.
Picasso, Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp are regarded as the three artists who most defined the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics.Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a naturalistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period(1904–1906), the African-influenced Period (1907–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), also referred to as the Crystal period.
Medium: Original drypoint Etching,
Cannes 1958,, On Auvergne paper, with full margins, signed in pencil.
Sizes: Plate size: 59 x 59 mms ; Paper size: 170 x 167 mms (6 5⁄8” x 6 1⁄2” inches)
References: Bloch, Georges. 1968-1979.Pablo Picasso, catalogue de l’oeuvre gravé et lithographié, 4 vol. Berne: Kornfeld and Klipstein. Bloch 864
Geiser, Bernhard and Brigitte Baer. 1986-1996. Picasso: Peintre- Graveur, Catalogue raisonné de l’oeuvre gravé et des monotypes, 7 vols. Berne: Kornfeld. (Baer 1023A)
Goeppert, Sebastian, Herma Goeppert- Frank & Patrick Cramer. 1983. (GC). Pablo Picasso: Catalogue Raisonné des livre Illustres. Geneva: Patrick Cramer. (93)
Public Collections: MOMA, New York
Note: This was made to illustrate the book “Pierres” by Pierre Andre Benoit published in 1958. The portrait probably depicts Jaume Sabartés who was a childhood friend of Picasso. and they were both regulars at Els Quatre Gats, where the youngest artistic circle of Barcelona would gather.” Sabartés and Picasso remained close until the former’s death. In 1899, Picasso painted his first portrait of Sabartés, which is now in the Pushkin Museum , Moscow. At Picasso’s request, Sabartés moved back to Europe from Uruguay, settling at rue La Boétie in Paris in November 1935, and became Picasso’s full-time secretary, organising his papers, books and poems, and was responsible for arranging his exhibitions. A dour and rather serious man Picasso lied on him but treated him badly making many mocking caricatures of him of which this is an example.
Printed by: P A Benoit
Edition: One of just 6 artists proofs printed on Auvergne paper. There were also 90 other proofs signed and numbered on the same paper.
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